| The Russian version
Altai is a craddle of peoples and civilizations
Altai is a centre of four oceans
Altai is a place where three great Teachings have met:
That of Buddha, that of Christ and that of Mahomet
A mountanous country "Altai" extended
in the South of Western Siberia for some 2000 km. It is a part of
Russian territory, which borders on Mongolia, China and Kazakhstan
in the South. The landscapes of Altai are varied: high mountains,
indented rocks, sharp dangerous cliffs and rounded hills, flat plains
betweenmountainous hollows, steppes devoid of any tree, dry grasses,
coniferous forests and impenetrable taiga, lakes and mineral springs,
impetuous rivers and rushing noisy waterfalls.
Altai is one of the rare places to be found
on the planet, where virginal riches of Nature are preserved untouched
by man. Here lakes and rivers contain more than 60 species of mammals,
more than 200 species of birds, 8 species of reptiles, 7 species
of amphibia, and 20 species of fish. Rare birds and animals, including
those listed in the Red Book, are encountered here too.The Altai
mountains is the highest mountainous region of Siberia. Many mountain
ridges rise more than 3000-4000 m above sea level, their peaks are
covered with glaciers, which slide down their slopes.
The highest point on the map of the Altai mountains
is the mountain Beloukha, which crowns the Katun mountain ridge. Its
hight is 4506 meters above sea level. It is the highest peak of Siberia
and the Asiatic part of Russia.There are 1402 glaciers on the territory
of the Altai. Their overall surface cover 910 square meters. These
glaciers are enormous reservoirs of sweet water where mountainous
rivers and streams begin. The largest of them is the river Katun (its
length is about 688 km). It springs from the glacier Gebler on the
southern slope of Beloukha.
The river Bia (280 km) starts its course from the lake
Teletskoye. Flowing together the both rivers give birth to the great
water way of Siberia - river Obi, which flows into the Artic Ocean.One
of the deepest lakes of the whole Russia and of the world at large
is situated in the Altai mountains. It is the Teletskoye lake. Its
depth is about 325 m. It is the second largest reservoir of sweet
water after the lake Baikal. Other lakes are not so large, but none
the less picturesque.The most known of them are Akkem lakes (2 lakes)
situated in the region of Katun mountanous ridge, Kucherlin lakes
(3 lakes), Multin lakes (3 lakes), the Talmeni lake and the Julukul
The last one is situated on the Chulyshman table-land
and is considered sacred by the Altai people.
The Altai rivers abound in waterfalls. Only in the basin of the river
Katun there are about seven thousand of them. The largest waterfalls
of Altai are: waterfall Tekelu with the hight of about 60 m, waterfall
Tegeek with the hight of 40 m. They are situated in the region of
the nothern foot of Beloukha. Here we can also mention cascade waterfalls
on the river Shinok and on the river Chulcha. The overfall of their
hights are 80 m and 160 m, correspondingly.
Altai has been inhabited since the dawn
of life. The earliest remnants of man to be found in the Nothern Asia
have been discovered in the cave Denisova. Their age is 42 000. In
the river vallies and in the expansions of inter-mountain hollows,
called steppes (Abaiskaya, Kanskaya, Tenguinskaya, Kuraiskaya, Chuiskaya,
Ulaganskaya steppes), there are numerous archaeological sites.
Stone age (1mln. - 4 000 B.C.)
Bronze Age (4 000- 1 000 B.C.)
Iron Age (1 000 B.C. - V century A.D.)
Turkic period (VI - X centuries A.D.)
The relics of different epoches are found side by side.
Unsolved secrets are hidden in petroglyphs - signs traced on the rocks
by the hand of a primitive man, in burial mounds and neighbouring stelae
-balbalas, in stone Turkic statues "kezer-tash".
It is considered, that the word "Altai" comes from word "Altan"
that means "gold" (compare with an Old Russian word "altyn"
which meant "a coin"), however, in many Turkic languages the
word Altai means "native land". It allows to assume that many
peoples derive their origin from Altai, and it is not casually that Nikolay
Roerich named Altai a cradle of peoples and civilizations.
Many people come to Altai in order to plunge into meditations and in
search of spiritual revelations - Altai is considered to be one of the
spiritual and energy centres of our planet. It is a surprising mystic
coincidence in the fact that the Beloukha mountain is situated right in
the centre of the four oceans: the Atlantic, the Arctic, the Pacific and
the Indian. One of the local names of the Beloukha mountain is Uch-Sumer,
which means three peaks, three dwellings of gods. And it is here that
the three great religions of the world meet: Christianity, Buddhism and
You are invited to visit this picturesque and mysterious country. We can organise for you:
- Following the route of the Central-Asiatic expedition of N.K.Roerich,
- Horse excursion to the Kucherlin lake, lake Akkem, to the foot of the
Beloukha mountain and to the waterfall Tekelu,
- Horse excursion "The Small Undersky Ring",
- Horse excursion to the waterfall Rassipnoy, to the river-head of the
river Katun, to the foot of the Beloukha mountain (Katun glacier) and
to the lake Talmen,
- Rivers and lakes of Altai - an excursion along the rivers Katun and
the Teletskoye lake,
- Horse excursion around the Beloukha mountain (25 days).
- According to you desire the following excursions can be organized:
- excursions to natural curiosities, to historical
and archaeological sites. The program can include small walking
and equestrian tours or hikes, a one-day rafting, excursions to hardly
accessible places, acquaintance with the everyday life of local inhabitants,
concerts of the Altai and Russian folk music etc. (all the year round,
the shortest is a 3-day hike including the way from Novosibirsk and back,
from 100 euros upwards).
- Horse excursions about hardly accessible places of the Altai
mountains (the end of May - the beginning of October, 3-25 days without
the road to the destination and back)
- Visiting the territories of a limited access - the Katun biospherical
reserve, the Altai state reserve, the Karakol ethnical and natural park
- Alpinist ascent for those who have experience - the Beloukha
mountain (4506 ), glacier Aktrou on the North-Chuisk mountain ridge for
beginners(all the year round).
- Rafting by the rivers: Katun, Chuya, Chulyshan, Bashkaus, Argut,
Ak-Alakha, Koksa and other
rivers of the Altai mountains. 0-6 degrees of complexity according to
the level of preparation of the participants (June-September).
- Hunting: bears, marals (Siberian stags), wolves, wood-grouses,
- excursions by helicopters
Excursion bureau "Altaika"
Manager's telephone +7 913 921 42 31
Address: Yuri V. Ivanets, post-office box # 179, city of Novosibirsk-90,